Choosing a Wireless Solution
When integrating wireless technology with your industrial applications, questions about this relatively new communication concept are inevitable. Here we have compiled a list of must-know functions and features of industrial wireless technology to help users make the transition into the world of industrial wireless networking communications.
For IEEE 802.11 Applications
Create a topology plan
The first and the most important step when adopting WiFi is to identify the type of topology that best suits your application. If the applications involve higher redundancy, reliability, and mobility requirements, then a mesh network topology should be considered. On the other hand, if the applications involve fewer wireless devices or the applications are relatively simple and stable, then a hierarchical or spanning tree topology should be sufficient.
Demands for redundancy, reliability, and mobilitymesh topology
Fewer devices and less demand for reliabilityhierarchical/spanning tree topology
Choose the right radio frequency
Different applications have different distance, penetration rate, range, and transmission speed requirements. Different IEEE 802.11 standards are available for different needs.
Standard Spectrum Max. Speed Range (indoor) Range (outdoor)
802.11 2.4-2.5 GHz 2 Mbps --- ---

/5.725-5.875 GHz

54 Mbps 30 m ---
802.11b 2.4-2.5 GHz 11 Mbps 30 m 100 m
802.11g 2.4-2.5 GHz 54 Mbps 30 m 100 m
802.11n 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz bands 600 Mbps 50 m 125 m
Choose the right antenna
Using the right antenna can improve the quality and stability of your communication transmission.
Long rangehigh gain
Peer to Peerdirectional antenna
Host to multiple clients (mobile)omni-directional antenna
Moxa provides an Antenna Calculator that can be used to simplify the antenna selection process. Use our Antenna Calculator to calculate the output power of the access points and achievable distances and data rates.
Learn More About Industrial WLAN
First, the basics
The formula explained
Let's try an example
Now for the fine print
How far we've come
Pushing the boundaries
Going the distance
The upper limits
For Cellular Applications
Choose the right data plan
Data exchange over GPRS or HSDPA networks are charged according to the number of packets that are sent and received. A good way to keep your project within budget is to create a data flow calculation and then use the information to choose the right plan.
Data throughput calculation
Different data throughputs are required for GPRS and HSDPA solutions. Theoretical data throughput is around 20 to 54 Kbps, and applications that require higher transmission speeds must choose a 3G solution.
GPRS Throughputs:
Multi-Slot Class

Theo. Max

Carrier Max

Expected Range

GPRS Class 6




GPRS Class 10




GPRS Class 12




Solving the private IP problem
A private IP cellular device will hinder two-way communications between a host PC and remote cellular devices. To solve this issue, users can choose one of the following solutions:
Purchase VPN services from an ISP.
Rent a fixed, public IP address for your cellular devices.
Use Moxa's OnCell Central Manager.
For in depth information on private IP solutions see our Accessing Private Cellular Networks from the Internet white paper.
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