Wind farm system excels at remote monitoring and control
Location / Country :
Global System Provider for Windmill Systems Europe
A leading manufacturer of wind power systems that use wind energy to generate electricity is using Ethernet technology to better maintain and control their installations. The company is an innovator in wind technology and a driving force in the development of the wind power industry, with installations all over the world. The customer has developed numerous "wind farm" sites and relies on the benefits efficient and reliable networks bring to management and control of the installations. Individual projects can range in scale from a few windmills, to hundreds of windmills, and can spread out over long distance as well. For long distance monitoring, centralized control and harsh environment operating capability, the company needs the most reliable network to support its projects. The windmill manufacturer also develops a long-term relationship with its customers, maintaining installations for the life of the project, which can run for more than 20 years. This means they must provide strong global service and prefer using the most reliable products in the industry.
This particular application involved more than 80 windmills spread out to form the windmill farm. At the top of each windmill is a turbine drive train with an adjustable blade that typically turns at 10 to 15 RPM. The blades’ pitch can be changed to allow the windmill to adjust for different wind conditions. The blade shaft connects to a gearbox inside the housing, which steps up the shaft rotation to around 1500 RPM and turns a generator. Each windmill has a control box comprised of an Industrial PC and PLC enclosed in the top of the windmill in the housing as well. Sensors for wind speed, wind direction, shaft rotation speed, and numerous other items collect data and transfer it to the PLC. By detecting the wind's direction, the control system can use a motorized yaw gear to turn the entire wind turbine into the proper direction of the wind to maximize power generation.
All wind turbines are connected to a local area network, with each windmill's control box using Ethernet to link to the base of the tower, where a fiber-based, redundant ring LAN connection is available. The LAN is connected to a remote control station running the SCADA and control systems, which help analyze the data collected, adjust the windmill settings and provide intelligent alarm capability to operations and maintenance personnel. For the Ethernet network between the wind turbines and control center, the customer chose several Moxa solutions.
For each windmill, a Moxa EDS-305-M-SC unmanaged switch converts the copper Ethernet from the control box to multimode fiber, an IMC-101-M-SC media converter converts the multimode fiber from the top of the windmill to copper, and at the base of windmill, an EDS-508-MM-SC 8-port managed Ethernet switch connects to other EDS-508-MM-SC switches to form the redundant LAN fiber backbone to support communication between windmills. The redundant ring topology connects individual windmills for added reliability and to save on cabling cost. All these Moxa products feature the long MTBF, high reliability and performance the customer needs to effectively maintain their systems. Moxa's wide product range and global support help ensure product compatibility, after sales service and future upgrade support.
- Ring topology using EDS-508-MM-SC enables fiber network redundancy for reliable communication over long distance and saves cabling costs.
- Moxa offers EDS-SNMP OPC Server software for better information integration with SCADA system.
- Complete Ethernet solution with versatile combinations of high-end managed switches, unmanaged switches, and media converters for free network configuration, which meets different project requirements.
- The industrial grade design of the Ethernet devices allows the wind turbines to operate reliably in harsh outdoor environments.